(in 25,865 products)

Potential Risk Index®:

ISCE InhaleISCE SwallowISCE ContactISCE Environment
PRI Legend


1. Flavor / Flavoring / Flavor Enhancer - Provides or enhances a particular taste or smell.
2. Sweetener - Sugar substitutes which provides a sweet taste without raising blood sugar levels
Sugar is the generic name for sweet-tasting, soluble carbohydrates, many of which are used in foods and beverages preparation. Simple sugars are called monosaccharides and include glucose (also known as dextrose), fructose, and galactose. The "table sugar" or "granulated sugar" most customarily used as food is sucrose, a disaccharide of glucose and fructose. In most parts of the world, sugar is an important part of the human diet, making food more palatable and providing food energy. After cereals and vegetable oils, a sugar derived from sugarcane and beet provided more kilocalories per capita per day on average than other food groups. [1]
The over-consumption of sugar can lead to unhealthy diet behavior, which resulted in various diseases such as obesity, cardiovascular diseases and tooth decay. Therefore, many countries including WHO have recommended the daily intake of sugar should be within a control limit.
Fun Facts:
-In the past, sugar was used to treat battle wounds. Works best if mixed with water and used as a paste
-Sugar is mainly extracted from the sugar cane - crushed to get the pulp, filtered to get the juice, and the juice is evaporated away, leaving behind sugar, which can be further refined to improve purity and quality
-Another name for sugar is saccharide, like monosaccharides such as glucose (carbohydrate sugar), fructose (fruit sugar) and disaccharides such as lactose (milk sugar), sucrose (table sugar)
Recent Findings:
Drinks containing >7.5g of sugars per 100mL are considered to be "high in sugar content". In a sample of 101 non-prepackaged beverages and 40 prepackaged drinks, the Hong Kong Consumer Council found that "30% of the samples studied were found to be high in sugars especially the kumquat honey, citron honey, sour plum, and hawthorn drinks". The highest sugar levels were found in hawthorn drinks at 19g of sugars per 100mL.
Scientific References:
Regulatory References:
1. Hong Kong Consumer Council 2015-2016 Annual Report
- Report: Improving Product Quality and Safety, p23-24
2. US FDA Generally Recognized As Safe (GRAS) Food Substances (21 CFR 184) [2017]
- § 184.1854 - Sucrose

Safety and Hazards (UN GHS):

1. Harmful if swallowed (H302)
2. Toxic in contact with skin (H311)
3. Causes skin irritation (H315)
4. Toxic if inhaled (H331)
5. Harmful if inhaled (H332)
6. May cause respiratory irritation (H335)
7. Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure (H373)
8. Very toxic to aquatic life (H400)

Potential Health Concerns For:

1. Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury (PubMed ID:31175915)
2. Fatty Liver (PubMed ID:26895660)
3. Glucose Intolerance (PubMed ID:18806091)
4. Hyperglycemia (PubMed ID:31181236)
5. Hyperinsulinism (PubMed ID:18806091)
6. Hyperkinesis (PubMed ID:14596845)
7. Hyperlipidemias (PubMed ID:31175915)
8. Hypertension (PubMed ID:18374418)
9. Insulin Resistance (PubMed ID:18806091)
10. Nephrosis (PubMed ID:18295066)
11. Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (PubMed ID:23127599)
12. Obesity (PubMed ID:24338341)
13. Substance-Related Disorders (PubMed ID:15763572)
14. Weight Gain (PubMed ID:31175915)

Potential Health Benefits For:

1. Amphetamine-Related Disorders (PubMed ID:18495228)
2. Hemolysis (PubMed ID:14993803)

User Comments:

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