(in 463 products)

Potential Risk Index®:

ISCE InhaleISCE SwallowISCE ContactISCE Environment
PRI Legend


1. Colorant - Pigments or dyes that are added in order to change or enhance the color.
Lycopene is a linear, unsaturated hydrocarbon carotenoid, the major red pigment in fruits such as tomatoes, pink grapefruit, apricots, red oranges, watermelon, rosehips, and guava. As a class, carotenoids are pigment compounds found in photosynthetic organisms (plants, algae, and some types of fungus), and are chemically characterized by a large polyene chain containing 35-40 carbon atoms; some carotenoid polyene chains are terminated by two 6- carbon rings. In animals, carotenoids such as lycopene may possess antioxidant properties which may retard aging and many degenerative diseases. As an essential nutrient, lycopene is required in the animal diet.
Fruits and vegetables that are high in lycopene include autumn olive, gac, tomatoes, watermelon, pink grapefruit, pink guava, papaya, seabuckthorn, wolfberry (goji, a berry relative of tomato), and rosehip. Ketchup is a common dietary source of lycopene. It has a E number 160d.
In EU, it is approved to use as coloring in food and cosmetics. It is a color additives exempt from certification and permanently listed for food use in US.
Scientific References:
Regulatory References:
1. South Korea - Ministry of Food and Drug Safety - Prohibited/Restricted Chemicals
- Ref: 923
- Ref: IV/110
3. US FDA Color Additives Status List [2015]
- §73.585
4. EU Approved Food Additive [2018]
- E160d
5. Association of Southeast Asian Nations Annex IV - Part 1, Allowed Colorants
- CI 75125

Potential Health Benefits For:

1. Adrenal Cortex Diseases (PubMed ID:27102619)
2. Asthenozoospermia (PubMed ID:25682699)
3. Cardiotoxicity (PubMed ID:27112537)
4. Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury (PubMed ID:22192907)
5. Cognition Disorders (PubMed ID:28974442)
6. Hyperglycemia (PubMed ID:22192907)
7. Hyperplasia (PubMed ID:19329757)
8. Infertility, Male (PubMed ID:19071209)
9. Inflammation (PubMed ID:22429818)
10. Kidney Diseases (PubMed ID:22108423)
11. Memory Disorders (PubMed ID:28974442)
12. Micronuclei, Chromosome-Defective (PubMed ID:24144777)
13. Necrosis (PubMed ID:27989599)
14. Neoplasms (PubMed ID:17051425)
15. Neurotoxicity Syndromes (PubMed ID:22192907)
16. Oligospermia (PubMed ID:25682699)
17. Peripheral Nervous System Diseases (PubMed ID:32544411)
18. Prostatic Neoplasms (PubMed ID:15084515)
19. Skin Neoplasms (PubMed ID:19329757)
20. Testicular Diseases (PubMed ID:20074268)
21. Thyroid Diseases (PubMed ID:33592256)
22. Translocation, Genetic (PubMed ID:19450652)
23. Weight Gain (PubMed ID:26900785)
24. Weight Loss (PubMed ID:17873360)

User Comments:

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