Formaldehyde
(in 32 products)
Banned by Gov or classified as a carcinogen by IARC

Potential Risk Index®:

ISCE InhaleISCE SwallowISCE ContactISCE Environment
PRI Legend

About:

Functions:
1. Antimicrobial Preservative - Actively kills and inhibits the growth of unwanted microorganisms which may be harmful.
2. Binder / Stabilizer - Retains the physical characteristics of food/cosmetics and ensure the mixture remains in an even state.
Formaldehyde is used predominantly as a chemical intermediate. It also has minor uses in agriculture, as an analytical reagent, in concrete and plaster additives, cosmetics, disinfectants, fumigants, photography, and wood preservation. One of the most common uses of formaldehyde in the U.S is manufacturing urea - formaldehyde resins, used in particleboard products. Formaldehyde (as urea formaldehyde foam) was extensively used as an insulating material until 1982 when it was banned by the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission.
Formaldehyde is a colorless poisonous gas synthesized by the oxidation of methanol and used as an antiseptic, disinfectant, histologic fixative, and general-purpose chemical reagent for laboratory applications. Formaldehyde is readily soluble in water and is commonly distributed as a 37% solution in water ; formalin , a 10% solution of formaldehyde in water , is used as a disinfectant and to preserve biological specimens. Environmentally, formaldehyde may be found in the atmosphere, smoke from fires, automobile exhaust and cigarette smoke. Small amounts are produced during normal metabolic processes in most organisms, including humans.
In view of its widespread use, toxicity, and volatility, formaldehyde poses a significant danger to human health. In 2011, the US National Toxicology Program described formaldehyde as "known to be a human carcinogen".
This substance has been classified as a Group 1 carcinogen by the International Agency for Research on Cancer.
The Hong Kong Consumer Council has implied that formaldehyde should not be present in school uniform materials.
Scientific References:
Regulatory References:
1. WHO International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) - Group 1 [2018]
- Formaldehyde
2. EU CosIng Annex II, SUBSTANCES PROHIBITED IN COSMETIC PRODUCTS [2017]
- Ref: II/1577, II/1578, II/1579
3. US California Proposition 65, Chemicals known to the State to Cause Cancer
- Formaldehyde (gas)
4. CANADA INGREDIENT HOTLIST, List of Ingredients that are Restricted for Use in Cosmetic Products [2019]
- Formaldehyde
5. US Environmental Protection Agency Chemicals Known to Cause Cancer
- Formaldehyde
6. US National Toxicology Program (NTP) Report on Carcinogens
- Formaldehyde
7. US CARB Identified Toxic Air Contaminants
- Formaldehyde (HCHO)
9. Hong Kong Consumer Council 2018-2019 Annual Report
- Report: Improving Product Quality and Safety, p31

Safety and Hazards (UN GHS):

1. Toxic if swallowed (H301)
2. Harmful if swallowed (H302)
3. Toxic in contact with skin (H311)
4. Harmful in contact with skin (H312)
5. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage (H314)
6. Causes skin irritation (H315)
7. May cause an allergic skin reaction (H317)
8. Causes serious eye damage (H318)
9. Causes serious eye irritation (H319)
10. Fatal if inhaled (H330)
11. Toxic if inhaled (H331)
12. Harmful if inhaled (H332)
13. May cause allergy or asthma symptoms or breathing difficulties if inhaled (H334)
14. May cause respiratory irritation (H335)
15. Suspected of causing genetic defects (H341)
16. May cause cancer (H350)
17. May cause cancer by inhalation (H350i)
18. Suspected of causing cancer (H351)
19. Causes damage to organs (H370)
20. Toxic to aquatic life (H401)
21. Harmful to aquatic life (H402)
22. Harmful to aquatic life with long lasting effects (H412)

Potential Health Concerns For:

1. Adenocarcinoma (PubMed ID:12562630)
2. Adenoma (PubMed ID:12562630)
3. Adenomatous Polyps (PubMed ID:12562630)
4. Asthenozoospermia (PubMed ID:16909603)
5. Asthma (PubMed ID:11519088)
6. Atrioventricular Block (PubMed ID:4028383)
7. Atrophy (PubMed ID:16909603)
8. Autistic Disorder (PubMed ID:25051312)
9. Birth Weight (PubMed ID:24844129)
10. Body Weight Changes (PubMed ID:27339418)
11. Breast Neoplasms (PubMed ID:15986119)
12. Bronchial Hyperreactivity (PubMed ID:14656365)
13. Bronchial Spasm (PubMed ID:19827972)
14. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell (PubMed ID:10810126)
15. Central Nervous System Diseases (PubMed ID:18333987)
16. Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury (PubMed ID:17283889)
17. Chromosome Aberrations (PubMed ID:20047218)
18. Cognition Disorders (PubMed ID:30395894)
19. Conjunctivitis (PubMed ID:1683282)
20. Cough (PubMed ID:1683282)
21. Death (PubMed ID:15578646)
22. Depressive Disorder (PubMed ID:14633228)
23. Dermatitis, Allergic Contact (PubMed ID:12081698)
24. Dermatitis, Atopic (PubMed ID:15218738)
25. Dermatitis, Contact (PubMed ID:12161283)
26. Dermatitis, Irritant (PubMed ID:17408435)
27. Dermatitis, Occupational (PubMed ID:18976378)
28. Diarrhea (PubMed ID:1683282)
29. Disease Progression (PubMed ID:24060340)
30. Disorders of Environmental Origin (PubMed ID:17938725)
31. Dizziness (PubMed ID:1683282)
32. Dry Eye Syndromes (PubMed ID:29860525)
33. Dyspnea (PubMed ID:1683282)
34. Eczema (PubMed ID:18063241)
35. Edema (PubMed ID:10543429)
36. Epistaxis (PubMed ID:1683282)
37. Exanthema (PubMed ID:1683282)
38. Extravasation of Diagnostic and Therapeutic Materials (PubMed ID:19014991)
39. Eye Diseases (PubMed ID:11723723)
40. Eyelid Diseases (PubMed ID:14996049)
41. Facial Pain (PubMed ID:17157777)
42. Fatigue (PubMed ID:1683282)
43. Fibroma (PubMed ID:12562630)
44. Formaldehyde poisoning (PubMed ID:23179754)
45. Headache (PubMed ID:12833854)
46. Heart Defects, Congenital (PubMed ID:16227712)
47. Hemorrhage (PubMed ID:14633228)
48. Hyperalgesia (PubMed ID:10481416)
49. Hyperplasia (PubMed ID:16036858)
50. Hypersensitivity (PubMed ID:20123097)
51. Hypersensitivity, Delayed (PubMed ID:17594875)
52. Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes (PubMed ID:27020608)
53. Inflammation (PubMed ID:12435080)
54. Intestinal Neoplasms (PubMed ID:12562630)
55. Kidney Diseases (PubMed ID:14633228)
56. Leiomyoma (PubMed ID:12562630)
57. Leiomyosarcoma (PubMed ID:12562630)
58. Leukemia, Myeloid (PubMed ID:19933446)
59. Lung Diseases (PubMed ID:20658762)
60. Lung Neoplasms (PubMed ID:14600093)
61. Mammary Neoplasms, Animal (PubMed ID:12562630)
62. Metaplasia (PubMed ID:16036858)
63. Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms (PubMed ID:12857938)
64. Nausea (PubMed ID:1683282)
65. Necrosis (PubMed ID:14963899)
66. Neoplasm Invasiveness (PubMed ID:30236600)
67. Nerve Degeneration (PubMed ID:15820619)
68. Neuralgia (PubMed ID:18492948)
69. Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive (PubMed ID:26505805)
70. Neuropathy, Painful (PubMed ID:23747933)
71. Neurotoxicity Syndromes (PubMed ID:15648056)
72. Nociceptive Pain (PubMed ID:21702498)
73. Nose Neoplasms (PubMed ID:4038687)
74. Occupational Diseases (PubMed ID:11519088)
75. Oligospermia (PubMed ID:16909603)
76. Osteonecrosis (PubMed ID:17992230)
77. Pain (PubMed ID:10445233)
78. Pharyngitis (PubMed ID:1683282)
79. Pneumonia (PubMed ID:21983654)
80. Pneumonia, Aspiration (PubMed ID:17594875)
81. Poisoning (PubMed ID:22157354)
82. Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects (PubMed ID:24844129)
83. Proctitis (PubMed ID:12780922)
84. Pruritus (PubMed ID:28005965)
85. Pulmonary Fibrosis (PubMed ID:29758289)
86. Respiratory Hypersensitivity (PubMed ID:15003329)
87. Respiratory Tract Infections (PubMed ID:21810553)
88. Scleroderma, Systemic (PubMed ID:14979077)
89. Sneezing (PubMed ID:27545873)
90. Stomach Neoplasms (PubMed ID:12562630)
91. Testicular Neoplasms (PubMed ID:12562630)
92. Ulcer (PubMed ID:14633228)
93. Urticaria (PubMed ID:12371530)
94. Vasculitis, Leukocytoclastic, Cutaneous (PubMed ID:17680969)
95. Weight Loss (PubMed ID:14633228)

Potential Health Benefits For:

1. Acute Lung Injury (PubMed ID:25845602)
2. Ciliophora Infections (PubMed ID:12113305)
3. Cystitis (PubMed ID:566262)
4. Fish Diseases (PubMed ID:12113305)
5. Hematuria (PubMed ID:4029236)
6. Periodontitis (PubMed ID:12751685)
7. Pulpitis (PubMed ID:12751685)
8. Urinary Bladder Diseases (PubMed ID:4203163)
9. Warts (PubMed ID:16415283)

User Comments:

Subtotal: $0.00 HKD