E558; Bentonite(in 4,504 products)
Potential Risk Index®:
1. Absorbent - Absorbs and soaks up liquids
2. Anti-caking Agent - Prevents lumps from forming in food due to excess water. They usually function as a water repellent or by absorbing excess moisture.
3. Anti-foaming Agent / Defoamer - Reduces or hinders the formation of foam.
4. Bulking Agent - Non-nutritious or inactive substances added to increase stability of the mixture.
5. Fragrance / Fragrance Component - Provides or enhances a particular smell or odor.
6. Suspending Agent - Promotes particle suspension or dispersion while reducing sedimentation
7. Viscosity Controlling Agent - Maintains or alters the thickness of a liquid, mostly used in cosmetics
Bentonite is an absorbent aluminium phyllosilicate clay consisting mostly of montmorillonite. The main uses of bentonite are for drilling mud, binder, purifier, absorbent, and as a groundwater barrier. Bentonite has also been prescribed as a bulk laxative, and it is also used as a base for many dermatologic formulas.
In food industry, it can be used as anti-caking agent with E number 558. However, it is not approved to use as food additive in EU. It is generally recognized as safe food substance in US.
1. PubChem: https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/517273
1. South Korea - Ministry of Food and Drug Safety - Prohibited/Restricted Chemicals
- Ref: 468
2. E-numbers which are not found in EU FOOD
3. US FDA Generally Recognized As Safe (GRAS) Food Substances (21 CFR 184) 
- § 184.1155 - Bentonite
4. International Fragrance Association Transparency List 
5. US EPA, Safer Chemical Ingredients List
Potential Health Benefits For:
1. Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury (PubMed ID:26115597)
2. Micronuclei, Chromosome-Defective (PubMed ID:26115597)
3. Weight Loss (PubMed ID:25296281)