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E416; Karaya Gum
(in 50 products)

Potential Risk Index®:

ISCE InhaleISCE SwallowISCE ContactISCE Environment
PRI Legend


1. Binder / Stabilizer - Retains the physical characteristics of food/cosmetics and ensure the mixture remains in an even state.
2. Emulsifier - Allows water and oils to remain mixed together to form an emulsion.
3. Gelling Agent / Thickener - Increases the viscosity by thickening the liquid to give it more texture
Karaya gum is a vegetable gum produced as an exudate by trees of the genus Sterculia. Chemically, karaya gum is an acid polysaccharide composed of the sugars galactose, rhamnose and galacturonic acid.
Its main function is to impart stability through its binding and emulsifying properties. Karaya has been used as a stabiliser in whipped cream and in imitation whipped cream. Also used to stabilise meringue powders through its binding properties, and enables a greater volume of meringue to be produced from a fixed amount of protein. It has E number 416.
In combination with Carrageenan, Karaya increases the shelf life of bread and other bakery goods and improves the tolerance of dough to overmixing. In meat processing, Karaya has been used as an emulsifier and binder. It functions by absorbing the water residue from the ice used in manufacturing processed meats, and by emulsifying the protein, fat and moisture to give a cohesive smooth appearance to the finished product.
It is found in cereal and potato-based snacks, cheese spreads, bakery products, nut coatings, fillings, toppings and coatings for bakery products, desserts, emulsified sauces, egg-based liqueurs, dietary food supplements, dairy products and chewing gum. it is also used as a denture adhesive, and laxative.
It is used as food additive in EU and generally recognized as safe food substance in US.
Regulatory References:
1. US FDA Food Additives Status List [2018]
2. EU Approved Food Additive [2018]
- E416
3. US FDA Generally Recognized As Safe (GRAS) Food Substances (21 CFR 184) [2017]
- § 184.1349 - Karaya gum (sterculia gum)

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