Calcium Chloride
(in 1,859 products)

Potential Risk Index®:

ISCE InhaleISCE SwallowISCE ContactISCE Environment
PRI Legend

About:

Functions:
1. Acidity Regulator / Buffering Agent - Changes or maintains the acidity or basicity of food/cosmetics.
2. Binder / Stabilizer - Retains the physical characteristics of food/cosmetics and ensure the mixture remains in an even state.
3. Dietary / Nutritional Supplement - Vitamins, minerals, proteins, fatty acids or probiotics which is eaten to improve nutritional intake
Calcium chloride is an ionic compound of calcium and chlorine. It is a white to off-white solid and highly soluble in water.
As a firming agent, calcium chloride has E number 509. It is used in canned vegetables, in firming soybean curds into tofu and in producing a caviar substitute from vegetable or fruit juices. It is commonly used as an electrolyte in sports drinks and other beverages, including bottled water. The extremely salty taste of calcium chloride is used to flavor pickles without increasing the food's sodium content. Calcium chloride's freezing-point depression properties are used to slow the freezing of the caramel in caramel-filled chocolate bars. Also, it is frequently added to sliced apples to maintain texture.
In brewing beer, calcium chloride is sometimes used to correct mineral deficiencies in the brewing water. It affects flavor and chemical reactions during the brewing process, and can also affect yeast function during fermentation.
In cheesemaking, calcium chloride is sometimes added to processed (pasteurized/homogenized) milk to restore the natural balance between calcium and protein in casein. It is added before the coagulant. Calcium chloride is also used to prevent cork spot and bitter pit on apples by spraying on the tree during the late growing season.
It is approved to use as food additive in EU and generally recognized as safe food substance in US.
Scientific References:
Regulatory References:
1. EU Approved Food Additive [2018]
- E509
2. Japan’s List of Designated Food Additives under Article 10 of the Food Sanitation Act
- Calcium Chloride
3. US FDA Generally Recognized As Safe (GRAS) Food Substances (21 CFR 184) [2017]
- § 184.1193 - Calcium chloride

Safety and Hazards (UN GHS):

1. Harmful if swallowed (H302)
2. Causes serious eye damage (H318)
3. Causes serious eye irritation (H319)
4. May cause respiratory irritation (H335)
5. Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure (H373)

Potential Health Concerns For:

1. Aneurysm (PubMed ID:22728078)
2. Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal (PubMed ID:16602029)
3. Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic (PubMed ID:16159824)
4. Aortic Diseases (PubMed ID:15545515)
5. Arrhythmias, Cardiac (PubMed ID:1166019)
6. Atrial Fibrillation (PubMed ID:60151)
7. Bradycardia (PubMed ID:9022833)
8. Calcinosis (PubMed ID:15545515)
9. Disease Models, Animal (PubMed ID:24337353)
10. Heart Arrest (PubMed ID:3578966)
11. Hyperalgesia (PubMed ID:2998815)
12. Hypercalcemia (PubMed ID:3144597)
13. Infant, Newborn, Diseases (PubMed ID:6309480)
14. Mitral Valve Insufficiency (PubMed ID:19545773)
15. Pancreatitis (PubMed ID:7520926)
16. Paralysis (PubMed ID:3370449)
17. Seizures (PubMed ID:6405441)
18. Shock, Septic (PubMed ID:2504540)
19. Spasm (PubMed ID:21077946)
20. Tachycardia, Sinus (PubMed ID:678101)
21. Tachycardia, Ventricular (PubMed ID:2589679)
22. Vascular Diseases (PubMed ID:6309480)
23. Ventricular Fibrillation (PubMed ID:1027568)

Potential Health Benefits For:

1. Amnesia (PubMed ID:2883982)
2. Heart Block (PubMed ID:7785794)
3. Hypertension (PubMed ID:3144597)
4. Hypotension (PubMed ID:1888233)
5. Intraoperative Complications (PubMed ID:6971648)
6. Respiratory Paralysis (PubMed ID:1155911)
7. Sick Sinus Syndrome (PubMed ID:3134871)
8. Tetany (PubMed ID:10533019)

User Comments:

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