Cadmium
(in 6 products)
Banned by Gov or classified as a carcinogen by IARC

Potential Risk Index®:

ISCE InhaleISCE SwallowISCE ContactISCE Environment
PRI Legend

About:

Functions:
1. Colorant - Pigments or dyes that are added in order to change or enhance the color.
Cadmium is an element with atomic symbol Cd, atomic number 48, and atomic weight 112.4.
Cadmium is a soft, malleable, ductile, bluish-white metal, was discovered in Germany in 1817, and Germany remained the only important producer for 100 years. Currently, a large percentage of global cadmium metal production takes place in Asia. Cadmium is generally recovered as a byproduct from zinc concentrates. Zinc -to- cadmium ratios in typical zinc ores range from 200:1 to 400:1. Sphalerite (ZnS), the most economically significant zinc mineral, commonly contains minor amounts of other elements; cadmium , which shares certain similar chemical properties with zinc , will often substitute for zinc in the sphalerite crystal lattice. The cadmium mineral, greenockite (CdS), is frequently associated with weathered sphalerites and wurtzites [(Zn, Fe)S], but usually at microscopic levels. A significant amount of cadmium is also recovered from spent nickel cadmium batteries. Cadmium is primarily consumed for the production of rechargeable nickel cadmium batteries; other end uses include pigments, coatings and plating, and as stabilizers for plastics. Solar cell manufacturing may become another significant market for cadmium in the future. Cadmium telluride thin-film photovoltaics are an alternative to the traditional silicon -based solar cells and are a preferred photovoltaic technology for commercial rooftop applications and for large-scale, ground-mounted utility systems.
This substance has been classified as a Group 1 carcinogen by the International Agency for Research on Cancer.
Recent Findings:
In 2015-2016, the Hong Kong Consumer Council detected "a sample of organic carrots [containing] the heavy metal Cadmium at a level close to the legal limit".
Scientific References:
Regulatory References:
1. WHO International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) - Group 1 [2018]
- Cadmium and cadmium compounds
2. EU CosIng Annex II, SUBSTANCES PROHIBITED IN COSMETIC PRODUCTS [2017]
- Ref: II/68
3. CANADA INGREDIENT HOTLIST, List of Ingredients that are Prohibited for Use in Cosmetic Products [2019]
- Cadmium and its compounds
4. US Environmental Protection Agency Chemicals Known to Cause Cancer
- Cadmium
5. US National Toxicology Program (NTP) Report on Carcinogens
- Cadmium and Cadmium Compounds
6. US CARB Identified Toxic Air Contaminants
- Cadmium (metallic cadmium and cadmium compounds)
7. Hong Kong Consumer Council 2015-2016 Annual Report
- Report: Improving Product Quality and Safety, p24

Safety and Hazards (UN GHS):

1. Fatal if inhaled (H330)
2. May cause respiratory irritation (H335)
3. Suspected of causing genetic defects (H341)
4. May cause cancer (H350)
5. Suspected of damaging fertility or the unborn child (H361)
6. Suspected of damaging fertility; Suspected of damaging the unborn child (H361fd)
7. Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure (H372)
8. Very toxic to aquatic life (H400)
9. Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects (H410)

Potential Health Concerns For:

1. Abnormalities, Drug-Induced (PubMed ID:21278052)
2. Abnormalities, Multiple (PubMed ID:26125595)
3. Albuminuria (PubMed ID:19700501)
4. Alzheimer Disease (PubMed ID:27301955)
5. Anemia (PubMed ID:11090055)
6. Anxiety Disorders (PubMed ID:24952260)
7. Asthma (PubMed ID:30998937)
8. Atherosclerosis (PubMed ID:15687053)
9. Atrophy (PubMed ID:11875619)
10. Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders (PubMed ID:25451971)
11. Autism Spectrum Disorder (PubMed ID:24284360)
12. Azoospermia (PubMed ID:27289041)
13. Birth Weight (PubMed ID:21862444)
14. Blindness (PubMed ID:19100278)
15. Bone Demineralization, Pathologic (PubMed ID:23954550)
16. Bone Diseases (PubMed ID:18164699)
17. Bone Resorption (PubMed ID:23954550)
18. Breast Neoplasms (PubMed ID:21071816)
19. Cadmium Poisoning (PubMed ID:15954739)
20. Carcinoma, Transitional Cell (PubMed ID:19921857)
21. Cardiomegaly (PubMed ID:30912652)
22. Cardiotoxicity (PubMed ID:23543441)
23. Cardiovascular Diseases (PubMed ID:19270787)
24. Carotid Artery Diseases (PubMed ID:25460622)
25. Cell Transformation, Neoplastic (PubMed ID:17332340)
26. Cerebral Palsy (PubMed ID:16943593)
27. Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury (PubMed ID:11750084)
28. Chromosome Aberrations (PubMed ID:17176674)
29. Cocaine-Related Disorders (PubMed ID:15288517)
30. Congenital Abnormalities (PubMed ID:21679763)
31. Congenital, Hereditary, and Neonatal Diseases and Abnormalities (PubMed ID:18501191)
32. Coronary Artery Disease (PubMed ID:28431391)
33. Death (PubMed ID:16601012)
34. Dental Caries (PubMed ID:18560540)
35. Depressive Disorder (PubMed ID:25115444)
36. Diabetes Mellitus (PubMed ID:15954739)
37. Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 (PubMed ID:28159221)
38. Diabetes, Gestational (PubMed ID:25888735)
39. Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions (PubMed ID:18791180)
40. Dry Eye Syndromes (PubMed ID:30746909)
41. Dyslipidemias (PubMed ID:23543441)
42. Emphysema (PubMed ID:19879314)
43. Eye Diseases (PubMed ID:21473382)
44. Fetal Growth Retardation (PubMed ID:16144812)
45. Fibrosis (PubMed ID:23902534)
46. Glucose Intolerance (PubMed ID:17948763)
47. Glucose Metabolism Disorders (PubMed ID:25043455)
48. Glycosuria (PubMed ID:11749115)
49. Heart Diseases (PubMed ID:22995158)
50. Heart Failure (PubMed ID:20060521)
51. Heavy Metal Poisoning (PubMed ID:20932883)
52. Hemorrhage (PubMed ID:11875619)
53. Hernia, Abdominal (PubMed ID:21278052)
54. Hernia, Umbilical (PubMed ID:21679763)
55. Hyperlipidemias (PubMed ID:18848534)
56. Hyperplasia (PubMed ID:22094458)
57. Hypertension (PubMed ID:20399841)
58. Hypocalcemia (PubMed ID:15316864)
59. Infertility, Female (PubMed ID:26125595)
60. Infertility, Male (PubMed ID:21908765)
61. Inflammation (PubMed ID:20455018)
62. Kidney Diseases (PubMed ID:11090055)
63. Kidney Failure, Chronic (PubMed ID:23343055)
64. Kidney Neoplasms (PubMed ID:20839231)
65. Learning Disorders (PubMed ID:19523979)
66. Liver Diseases (PubMed ID:23636881)
67. Lung Neoplasms (PubMed ID:17919685)
68. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin (PubMed ID:22068173)
69. Macular Degeneration (PubMed ID:24959985)
70. Memory Disorders (PubMed ID:20399762)
71. Mental Disorders (PubMed ID:31491373)
72. Metabolic Syndrome X (PubMed ID:22911659)
73. Micronuclei, Chromosome-Defective (PubMed ID:22666406)
74. Microphthalmos (PubMed ID:19100278)
75. Mitochondrial Diseases (PubMed ID:21146384)
76. Myocardial Infarction (PubMed ID:18053980)
77. Necrosis (PubMed ID:10753958)
78. Neoplasm Invasiveness (PubMed ID:24015267)
79. Neoplasms (PubMed ID:11353138)
80. Neoplasms, Experimental (PubMed ID:20049202)
81. Neovascularization, Pathologic (PubMed ID:21984483)
82. Nephritis (PubMed ID:25240712)
83. Neural Tube Defects (PubMed ID:16842966)
84. Neurobehavioral Manifestations (PubMed ID:23851056)
85. Neurodevelopmental Disorders (PubMed ID:25446717)
86. Neurogenic Inflammation (PubMed ID:25288670)
87. Neurologic Manifestations (PubMed ID:22184584)
88. Neurotoxicity Syndromes (PubMed ID:22013727)
89. Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (PubMed ID:23636881)
90. Obesity (PubMed ID:28321702)
91. Occupational Diseases (PubMed ID:17303580)
92. Olfactory Nerve Diseases (PubMed ID:21443902)
93. Oligospermia (PubMed ID:21449042)
94. Osteomalacia (PubMed ID:21697648)
95. Osteoporosis (PubMed ID:21697648)
96. Overweight (PubMed ID:27312901)
97. Pancreatic Diseases (PubMed ID:17303580)
98. Pancreatic Neoplasms (PubMed ID:22068173)
99. Pancreatic cancer, adult (PubMed ID:31078004)
100. Parkinsonian Disorders (PubMed ID:19523979)
101. Pediatric Obesity (PubMed ID:29511319)
102. Periodontal Diseases (PubMed ID:19479015)
103. Peripheral Arterial Disease (PubMed ID:20693268)
104. Peripheral Vascular Diseases (PubMed ID:15687053)
105. Plaque, Atherosclerotic (PubMed ID:25460622)
106. Pneumonia (PubMed ID:22094458)
107. Polyuria (PubMed ID:17687258)
108. Pre-Eclampsia (PubMed ID:27375191)
109. Precancerous Conditions (PubMed ID:23858299)
110. Prediabetic State (PubMed ID:27312901)
111. Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects (PubMed ID:15288517)
112. Prenatal Injuries (PubMed ID:18501191)
113. Prostatic Hyperplasia (PubMed ID:23479318)
114. Prostatic Neoplasms (PubMed ID:17075824)
115. Proteinuria (PubMed ID:17687258)
116. Puberty, Precocious (PubMed ID:23858299)
117. Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive (PubMed ID:30998937)
118. Pulmonary Edema (PubMed ID:21933187)
119. Pulmonary Fibrosis (PubMed ID:30998937)
120. Renal Insufficiency (PubMed ID:20073493)
121. Renal Insufficiency, Chronic (PubMed ID:20525263)
122. Stroke (PubMed ID:20060521)
123. Tachycardia (PubMed ID:7120521)
124. Teratogenesis (PubMed ID:25490952)
125. Testicular Diseases (PubMed ID:11875619)
126. Urinary Calculi (PubMed ID:22033168)
127. Vascular Diseases (PubMed ID:28248635)
128. Weight Loss (PubMed ID:15865404)

User Comments:

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