Alcohol Denat; Ethanol
(in 30,121 products)

Potential Risk Index®:

ISCE InhaleISCE SwallowISCE ContactISCE Environment
PRI Legend

About:

Functions:
1. Antiseptic / Disinfectant - Prevents growth of unwanted microorganisms.
2. Astringent - Causing the contraction of body tissues, typically of the skin.
3. Bulking Agent - Non-nutritious or inactive substances added to increase stability of the mixture.
4. Flavor / Flavoring / Flavor Enhancer - Provides or enhances a particular taste or smell.
5. Solvent (Cosmetics) - Enhances the properties of other ingredients
Ethanol, also called alcohol, ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol, and drinking alcohol, is a volatile, flammable, colorless liquid with a slight characteristic odor. It is a psychoactive substance and is the principal type of alcohol found in alcoholic drinks.
Ethanol is naturally produced by the fermentation of sugars by yeasts or via petrochemical processes and is most commonly consumed as a popular recreational drug. It also has medical applications as an antiseptic and disinfectant. The compound is widely used as a chemical solvent, either for scientific chemical testing or in the synthesis of other organic compounds, and is a vital substance utilized across many different kinds of manufacturing industries. Ethanol is also used as a clean-burning fuel source.
Denatured alcohol, mostly being used in cosmetic products, is a mixture of ethanol with a denaturing agent. The denaturing agent is added to prevent the consumption of alcohol without taxes. It makes the alcohol unfit for consumption without altering the chemistry of ethanol itself. Most allergies to alcohol stem from being allergic to the denaturing agent instead of ethanol.
This is an Unapproved E-number (E1510). This means that the E-number of E1510 is associated with ethanol used as a food additive, but it is not in the official list of E-numbers.
Recent Findings:
This ingredient has been designated by the Singaporean Government to be effective against coronaviruses. "As the COVID-19 virus is new, no study has been published on the virus. This assessment is thus based on published scientific studies on coronaviruses, a group to which the COVID-19 virus would belong."
A minimum concentration of 70% is sufficient to be effective against coronaviruses.
Health advice from the Hong Kong government:
-Home should be cleaned thoroughly at least once per week with 1 in 99 diluted household bleach (mixing 10 ml of bleach containing 5.25% sodium hypochlorite with 990 ml of water), leave for 15 - 30 minutes and then rinse with water. For metallic surface, disinfect with 70% alcohol.
-If places are contaminated by respiratory secretions, vomitus or excreta, use strong absorbent disposable towels to clean up the visible matter. Then disinfect the surface and the neighbouring area with appropriate disinfectant. For non-metallic surface, disinfect with 1 in 49 diluted household bleach (mixture of 10ml of household bleach containing 5.25% hypochlorite solution with 490ml of water), leave for 15 - 30 minutes, and then rinse with water. For metallic surface, disinfect with 70% alcohol.
Scientific References:
Regulatory References:
1. Singapore Interim List of Household Products and Active Ingredients for Disinfection of COVID-19 (Coronavirus Disease 2019) [Revised: 13 November 2020]
- Ethyl alcohol, minimum concentration: 70%
2. Hong Kong COVID-19 Health Advice [Revised: 23 July 2020]
- Alcohol, 70%
3. EPA Pesticide Registration List N: Disinfectants for Use Against Coronaviruses (https://www.epa.gov/pesticide-registration/list-n-disinfectants-use-against-sars-cov-2) - Ethanol
4. US EPA-registered, hospital-grade disinfectant approved for COVID-19
- Ethanol
5. WHO International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) - Group 1 [2018]
- Ethanol in alcoholic beverages
6. US California Proposition 65, Chemicals known to the State to Cause Developmental or Reproductive Toxicity in Males
- Ethyl alcohol in alcoholic beverages
7. US California Proposition 65, Chemicals known to the State to Cause Developmental or Reproductive Toxicity in Females
- Ethyl alcohol in alcoholic beverages
8. US National Toxicology Program (NTP) Report on Carcinogens
- Alcoholic Beverage Consumption
9. US FDA Food Additives Status List [2018]
- Alcohol, SDA-3A
10. FDA Unapproved
- 82 FR 60474
11. Cosmetic Ingredient Review
12. US FDA Generally Recognized As Safe (GRAS) Food Substances (21 CFR 184) [2017]
- § 184.1293 - Ethyl alcohol
13. E-numbers which are not found in EU FOOD

Safety and Hazards (UN GHS):

1. Harmful if swallowed (H302)
2. Causes serious eye irritation (H319)
3. May cause respiratory irritation (H335)
4. May cause drowsiness or dizziness (H336)
5. May cause cancer (H350)
6. May damage fertility or the unborn child (H360)
7. May cause damage to organs (H371)
8. Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure (H372)
9. Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure (H373)

Potential Health Concerns For:

1. Abnormalities, Drug-Induced (PubMed ID:10560774)
2. Abnormalities, Severe Teratoid (PubMed ID:23733920)
3. Acidosis, Lactic (PubMed ID:2054009)
4. Acute Kidney Injury (PubMed ID:28285099)
5. Acute Lung Injury (PubMed ID:20159407)
6. Adenoma (PubMed ID:27840117)
7. Adrenal Cortex Diseases (PubMed ID:26188107)
8. Airway Obstruction (PubMed ID:12166551)
9. Alcohol Withdrawal Delirium (PubMed ID:25307574)
10. Alcohol Withdrawal Seizures (PubMed ID:16923153)
11. Alcohol-Induced Disorders (PubMed ID:123503)
12. Alcohol-Induced Disorders, Nervous System (PubMed ID:15451039)
13. Alcohol-Related Disorders (PubMed ID:21360948)
14. Alcoholic Intoxication (PubMed ID:16402636)
15. Alcoholism (PubMed ID:10708326)
16. Amnesia (PubMed ID:15671690)
17. Amnesia, Transient Global (PubMed ID:3613025)
18. Amphetamine-Related Disorders (PubMed ID:20636664)
19. Anemia (PubMed ID:32894639)
20. Anophthalmos (PubMed ID:15513904)
21. Anorexia (PubMed ID:6663657)
22. Anxiety Disorders (PubMed ID:23419392)
23. Aortopulmonary Septal Defect (PubMed ID:20374213)
24. Ataxia (PubMed ID:1621360)
25. Atherosclerosis (PubMed ID:9601935)
26. Atrioventricular Block (PubMed ID:1444808)
27. Atrophy (PubMed ID:14594753)
28. Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity (PubMed ID:25209690)
29. Bipolar Disorder (PubMed ID:3711369)
30. Birth Weight (PubMed ID:32437893)
31. Blindness (PubMed ID:404836)
32. Body Weight (PubMed ID:19100286)
33. Body Weight Changes (PubMed ID:17582586)
34. Bone Diseases, Developmental (PubMed ID:31887396)
35. Bone Diseases, Metabolic (PubMed ID:23376407)
36. Bone Resorption (PubMed ID:24872432)
37. Brain Diseases (PubMed ID:18801475)
38. Brain Injuries (PubMed ID:22960445)
39. Brain Ischemia (PubMed ID:3764016)
40. Breast Neoplasms (PubMed ID:24020587)
41. Bronchial Spasm (PubMed ID:1422404)
42. Carcinoma, Hepatocellular (PubMed ID:12637151)
43. Cardiomegaly (PubMed ID:19332462)
44. Cardiomyopathies (PubMed ID:16227066)
45. Cardiomyopathy, Alcoholic (PubMed ID:20109599)
46. Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic (PubMed ID:25549548)
47. Cardiotoxicity (PubMed ID:30368987)
48. Cardiovascular Diseases (PubMed ID:12186111)
49. Carotid Artery, Internal, Dissection (PubMed ID:19655286)
50. Cataract (PubMed ID:20716509)
51. Cell Transformation, Neoplastic (PubMed ID:29769550)
52. Central Nervous System Diseases (PubMed ID:22298809)
53. Cerebellar Diseases (PubMed ID:25511929)
54. Cerebellar Hypoplasia (PubMed ID:12700235)
55. Cerebral Hemorrhage (PubMed ID:12507409)
56. Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury (PubMed ID:11032766)
57. Cholestasis (PubMed ID:6872919)
58. Cleft Lip (PubMed ID:15513904)
59. Cleft Palate (PubMed ID:15513904)
60. Cocaine-Related Disorders (PubMed ID:12186111)
61. Cognition Disorders (PubMed ID:10881254)
62. Colitis (PubMed ID:10830784)
63. Coma (PubMed ID:6862465)
64. Confusion (PubMed ID:2068441)
65. Congenital Abnormalities (PubMed ID:26188107)
66. Conotruncal cardiac defects (PubMed ID:20374213)
67. Consciousness Disorders (PubMed ID:18418024)
68. Craniofacial Abnormalities (PubMed ID:10194807)
69. Cyclopia (PubMed ID:25883026)
70. Death, Sudden (PubMed ID:6082192)
71. Death, Sudden, Cardiac (PubMed ID:11789664)
72. Delirium (PubMed ID:2054009)
73. Dental Caries (PubMed ID:17687962)
74. Depressive Disorder (PubMed ID:18625256)
75. Depressive Disorder, Major (PubMed ID:6663657)
76. Developmental Disabilities (PubMed ID:18381539)
77. Disease Models, Animal (PubMed ID:27474069)
78. Disease Progression (PubMed ID:22331491)
79. Dizziness (PubMed ID:18418024)
80. Drug-Induced Liver Injury, Chronic (PubMed ID:22525864)
81. Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions (PubMed ID:21172400)
82. Dysbiosis (PubMed ID:31785310)
83. Dyskinesias (PubMed ID:2054009)
84. Dyslipidemias (PubMed ID:24275070)
85. Dysostoses (PubMed ID:28919490)
86. Dyspnea (PubMed ID:19657887)
87. Ear Diseases (PubMed ID:24646710)
88. Edema (PubMed ID:17559993)
89. Edema, Cardiac (PubMed ID:24296114)
90. Embryo Loss (PubMed ID:19091803)
91. Endomyocardial Fibrosis (PubMed ID:25598224)
92. Endotoxemia (PubMed ID:24239723)
93. Epilepsy, Tonic-Clonic (PubMed ID:3420461)
94. Esophageal Neoplasms (PubMed ID:16704527)
95. Eye Abnormalities (PubMed ID:19091803)
96. Fatty Liver (PubMed ID:11032766)
97. Fatty Liver, Alcoholic (PubMed ID:12036955)
98. Feeding and Eating Disorders (PubMed ID:17582586)
99. Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (PubMed ID:10194807)
100. Fetal Death (PubMed ID:1370119)
101. Fetal Growth Retardation (PubMed ID:22298809)
102. Fetal Weight (PubMed ID:31887396)
103. Fibrosis (PubMed ID:18793633)
104. Flushing (PubMed ID:17220694)
105. Gastritis (PubMed ID:15046732)
106. Gastrointestinal Diseases (PubMed ID:17709257)
107. Glomerulosclerosis, Focal Segmental (PubMed ID:29548890)
108. Glucose Intolerance (PubMed ID:23544086)
109. Glucose Metabolism Disorders (PubMed ID:23907025)
110. Growth Disorders (PubMed ID:16634859)
111. HIV Infections (PubMed ID:26733986)
112. Hallucinations (PubMed ID:7859199)
113. Heart Arrest (PubMed ID:20159407)
114. Heart Defects, Congenital (PubMed ID:20374213)
115. Heart Diseases (PubMed ID:6645200)
116. Heart Septal Defects, Atrial (PubMed ID:20374213)
117. Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular (PubMed ID:20374213)
118. Hemangioma (PubMed ID:27840117)
119. Hematuria (PubMed ID:25859307)
120. Hemorrhage (PubMed ID:26522475)
121. Hemostatic Disorders (PubMed ID:6547757)
122. Hepatic Insufficiency (PubMed ID:26747958)
123. Hepatitis (PubMed ID:1937386)
124. Hepatitis, Alcoholic (PubMed ID:24946281)
125. Hepatomegaly (PubMed ID:12036955)
126. Holoprosencephaly (PubMed ID:31690747)
127. Hydronephrosis (PubMed ID:9314248)
128. Hyperalgesia (PubMed ID:10323274)
129. Hypercholesterolemia (PubMed ID:31075344)
130. Hyperemia (PubMed ID:15314997)
131. Hyperglycemia (PubMed ID:24275070)
132. Hyperhidrosis (PubMed ID:21053676)
133. Hyperkinesis (PubMed ID:7546334)
134. Hyperplasia (PubMed ID:20116195)
135. Hypertension (PubMed ID:1422404)
136. Hypertriglyceridemia (PubMed ID:6663657)
137. Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular (PubMed ID:22497828)
138. Hypotension (PubMed ID:15196476)
139. Hypothermia (PubMed ID:23419392)
140. Immune System Diseases (PubMed ID:11789664)
141. Inflammation (PubMed ID:15016835)
142. Intellectual Disability (PubMed ID:22298809)
143. Intracranial Aneurysm (PubMed ID:25245553)
144. Intracranial Hemorrhages (PubMed ID:16227066)
145. Ischemia (PubMed ID:4367894)
146. Jaundice (PubMed ID:3511825)
147. Jaw Abnormalities (PubMed ID:15513904)
148. Kidney Diseases (PubMed ID:25859307)
149. Kidney Tubular Necrosis, Acute (PubMed ID:9297132)
150. Korsakoff Syndrome (PubMed ID:25307574)
151. Learning Disorders (PubMed ID:15451040)
152. Limb Deformities, Congenital (PubMed ID:17676605)
153. Liver Cirrhosis (PubMed ID:10803778)
154. Liver Cirrhosis, Alcoholic (PubMed ID:18295389)
155. Liver Cirrhosis, Experimental (PubMed ID:18166357)
156. Liver Diseases (PubMed ID:16865776)
157. Liver Diseases, Alcoholic (PubMed ID:17207112)
158. Liver Failure, Acute (PubMed ID:15811896)
159. Liver Neoplasms (PubMed ID:25058030)
160. Liver Neoplasms, Experimental (PubMed ID:2867966)
161. Long QT Syndrome (PubMed ID:23155471)
162. Lung Neoplasms (PubMed ID:19933698)
163. Marchiafava-Bignami Disease (PubMed ID:25307574)
164. Melanosis (PubMed ID:30721697)
165. Memory Disorders (PubMed ID:15451040)
166. Microcephaly (PubMed ID:19091803)
167. Micronuclei, Chromosome-Defective (PubMed ID:22535522)
168. Microphthalmos (PubMed ID:21658441)
169. Mouth Diseases (PubMed ID:17559993)
170. Movement Disorders (PubMed ID:10802025)
171. Multiple Organ Failure (PubMed ID:20159407)
172. Muscular Diseases (PubMed ID:20442652)
173. Myelinolysis, Central Pontine (PubMed ID:25307574)
174. Myocardial Infarction (PubMed ID:19225254)
175. Myocardial Ischemia (PubMed ID:17620917)
176. Nausea (PubMed ID:21053676)
177. Necrosis (PubMed ID:15016835)
178. Neoplasm Invasiveness (PubMed ID:22331491)
179. Neoplasm Metastasis (PubMed ID:22331491)
180. Nephrotic Syndrome (PubMed ID:29548890)
181. Nerve Degeneration (PubMed ID:25029343)
182. Nervous System Diseases (PubMed ID:1665979)
183. Nervous System Malformations (PubMed ID:23907025)
184. Neural Tube Defects (PubMed ID:19091803)
185. Neurobehavioral Manifestations (PubMed ID:22253472)
186. Neurogenic Inflammation (PubMed ID:23500890)
187. Neurotoxicity Syndromes (PubMed ID:19442832)
188. Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (PubMed ID:24275070)
189. Oligospermia (PubMed ID:23819932)
190. Oliguria (PubMed ID:20159407)
191. Optic Nerve Diseases (PubMed ID:17262233)
192. Osteoarthritis (PubMed ID:26220516)
193. Osteoporosis (PubMed ID:22892342)
194. Pain (PubMed ID:7473002)
195. Pancreatic Neoplasms (PubMed ID:12384795)
196. Pancreatitis (PubMed ID:12713032)
197. Pancreatitis, Alcoholic (PubMed ID:15056978)
198. Pancreatitis, Chronic (PubMed ID:22280800)
199. Paralysis (PubMed ID:4367894)
200. Peripheral Nervous System Diseases (PubMed ID:17319957)
201. Peritonitis (PubMed ID:20624996)
202. Phobic Disorders (PubMed ID:7769598)
203. Poisoning (PubMed ID:1665979)
204. Polyneuropathies (PubMed ID:6538276)
205. Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects (PubMed ID:123503)
206. Prenatal Injuries (PubMed ID:25883026)
207. Prolactinoma (PubMed ID:1472301)
208. Proteinuria (PubMed ID:29548890)
209. Psychomotor Disorders (PubMed ID:2050169)
210. Psychoses, Substance-Induced (PubMed ID:7859199)
211. Pulmonary Edema (PubMed ID:4732960)
212. Pulmonary Emphysema (PubMed ID:27840117)
213. Reflex, Abnormal (PubMed ID:23419392)
214. Reperfusion Injury (PubMed ID:26747958)
215. Respiratory Tract Infections (PubMed ID:12166551)
216. Retinal Diseases (PubMed ID:4367894)
217. Rhabdomyolysis (PubMed ID:10863119)
218. Seizures (PubMed ID:123503)
219. Sepsis (PubMed ID:20624996)
220. Sexual Dysfunctions, Psychological (PubMed ID:6520658)
221. Sleepiness (PubMed ID:28397836)
222. Stomach Diseases (PubMed ID:11567657)
223. Stomach Neoplasms (PubMed ID:18456281)
224. Stomach Ulcer (PubMed ID:10422768)
225. Stroke (PubMed ID:19655286)
226. Stupor (PubMed ID:4367894)
227. Subarachnoid Hemorrhage (PubMed ID:12507409)
228. Substance Withdrawal Syndrome (PubMed ID:10823403)
229. Substance-Related Disorders (PubMed ID:21360948)
230. Tachycardia (PubMed ID:19657887)
231. Tachycardia, Ventricular (PubMed ID:11229942)
232. Telangiectasia, Hereditary Hemorrhagic (PubMed ID:1251813)
233. Teratogenesis (PubMed ID:19091803)
234. Testicular Diseases (PubMed ID:25637669)
235. Tetralogy of Fallot (PubMed ID:20374213)
236. Thiamine Deficiency (PubMed ID:25307574)
237. Tooth Injuries (PubMed ID:17687962)
238. Tooth Loss (PubMed ID:17687962)
239. Torsades de Pointes (PubMed ID:19114159)
240. Tremor (PubMed ID:17220694)
241. Ulcer (PubMed ID:22113419)
242. Unconsciousness (PubMed ID:6281507)
243. Urinary Retention (PubMed ID:16263650)
244. Ventricular Dysfunction, Left (PubMed ID:20109599)
245. Ventricular Fibrillation (PubMed ID:19114159)
246. Ventricular Premature Complexes (PubMed ID:4185489)
247. Ventricular Remodeling (PubMed ID:25598224)
248. Vomiting (PubMed ID:21053676)
249. Weight Gain (PubMed ID:18755807)
250. Weight Loss (PubMed ID:23623904)

Potential Health Benefits For:

1. Acidosis (PubMed ID:11192467)
2. Asthenia (PubMed ID:8590611)
3. Atrial Fibrillation (PubMed ID:28284858)
4. Autonomic Nervous System Diseases (PubMed ID:8590611)
5. Bradycardia (PubMed ID:11486246)
6. Brain Edema (PubMed ID:17645627)
7. Burns (PubMed ID:16374292)
8. Cardiomyopathy, Dilated (PubMed ID:12198386)
9. Diabetes Complications (PubMed ID:23500772)
10. Essential Tremor (PubMed ID:15765150)
11. Heart Injuries (PubMed ID:23500772)
12. Neuralgia, Postherpetic (PubMed ID:15220798)
13. Porphyria Cutanea Tarda (PubMed ID:11586030)
14. Vascular Malformations (PubMed ID:20442652)
15. Ventricular Dysfunction (PubMed ID:23500772)
16. Vitamin E Deficiency (PubMed ID:4735055)

User Comments:

Subtotal: $0.00 HKD